Basic Components For A perfect Solar Rooftop System

It does require a team of special devices which work together to generate free and clean solar energy. Different parts together make up a solar rooftop system wherein each part has specified functions and roles.

Here are the components that makes a solar rooftop system

Photovoltaic (PV) Panels– For Solar Rooftop System

Photovoltaic (PV) Panels- For Solar Rooftop System

A photovoltaic panel (PV panel) refers to an electrochemical type of equipment that is used to facilitate the conversion of light into electricity. It does this by using semiconducting materials that exhibit the photovoltaic effect.

PV panels may be prone to corrosion due to their constant exposure to atmospheric elements during outdoor use in the sunlight. Corrosion of the panels can damage critical electronics and connections, thereby lowering the amount of electricity produced.

Inverter– For Solar Rooftop System

A solar Inverter is a device that converts the Direct Current (DC) electricity generated by a solar panel into Alternating Current (AC) electricity that can be used by a grid or a local network. A solar inverter is essential to any solar power system, as it makes the electricity compatible with the type of electricity used in homes and businesses. An inverter is the brain of a solar power system.


Batteries - For Solar Rooftop System

Solar battery technology stores the electrical energy generated when solar panels receive excess solar energy in the hours of the most remarkable solar radiation. The batteries have the function of supplying electrical energy to the system at the moment when the photovoltaic panels do not generate the necessary electricity.

Solar Charge Controller:

A charge controller controls the rate of electric current drawn by the batteries. The primary function of a charge controller is to block reverse current and prevent your batteries from getting overcharged charging. They are available in stand-alone mode or are integrated with a controlled circuitry with a battery pack or battery charger.

Electric Meter – For Solar Rooftop System

With grid-tied solar rooftop power systems, electric meter is installed which measures the energy consumed by your house and the amount of energy that is sent to the grid. It plays an important role in the net metering mechanism.

Main AC Board – For Solar Rooftop System

This is where all the electric loads in the building are connected and protected with circuit breakers. Once the output from the PV system has been converted to AC power, it can be connected to the main panel to provide energy along with the electric utility.

Safety Equipment – For Solar Rooftop System

Solar panel parts and components are connected by cables on DC and AC side. It is also important to install safety equipment since PV systems are designed for long life use. Electrical surges or short circuit can damage the equipment. Proper earthing, surge protectors, lightning arrestors, etc. are required.

It’s important to emphasize on quality and safety for durable performance.

The components of every solar power system are similar all across the world. Based on the region of your residence, the type of these components used may vary.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What are the basic components of a solar rooftop system?

The basic components of a solar rooftop system include solar panels, mounting structures, inverters, batteries (optional), and a metering system.

What is the purpose of solar panels in a rooftop system?

Solar panels, also known as photovoltaic (PV) panels, are responsible for converting sunlight into electricity. They are the primary component that captures solar energy.

What role do mounting structures play in a solar rooftop system?

Mounting structures are used to securely attach solar panels to the rooftop. They provide stability and ensure proper positioning to maximize sunlight exposure.

Why are inverters important in a solar rooftop system?

Inverters convert the direct current (DC) electricity produced by solar panels into alternating current (AC) electricity, which is suitable for use in households or to feed back into the grid.

Are batteries necessary for a solar rooftop system?

Batteries are optional but highly recommended for solar rooftop systems. They store excess electricity generated during the day for use during the night or when there is insufficient sunlight.

What is the purpose of a metering system in a solar rooftop system?

A metering system tracks the electricity generated by the solar panels and measures the amount of excess electricity fed back into the grid, which may result in credits or compensation from the utility company.

Do I need any additional equipment for a solar rooftop system?

In addition to the basic components, you may need wiring, circuit breakers, and electrical safety devices to ensure proper installation and protection.

Can a solar rooftop system power my entire house?

The capacity of a solar rooftop system depends on various factors, such as the size of the system, the energy needs of your house, and local weather conditions. A properly sized system can meet a significant portion or even all of your electricity needs.

How long do solar rooftop systems typically last?

Solar rooftop systems are designed to be durable and long-lasting, with an average lifespan of 25 to 30 years. However, individual components may require maintenance or replacement during this period.

Can I install a solar rooftop system myself?

While it is possible to install a solar rooftop system yourself, it is recommended to hire a professional solar installer. They have the expertise and knowledge to ensure proper installation, compliance with regulations, and optimal system performance.

Our details

Vihaan Solar Energy Pvt Ltd.

HIG – 14, Maruti Villa
Patia, Bhubaneswar.
Odisha – 751024

Telephone: + 91 85988000 88/77/66/55


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